22 March 2015

Water is key for the future

Today is World Water Day. This is the 22nd time we have celebrated World Water Day after the United Nations General Assembly declared it so in 1993. The theme of this year’s World Water Day is water and sustainable development, which is a key issue in Mongolia.

Water is a big issue in Mongolia. Some parts of the country have extensive water resources such as in the north, while others have very little. In total Mongolia has 12,635 meters cubed of renewable fresh water per capita, six times as much as China. However, climate change has caused hundreds of lakes and rivers to dry up, while environmental degradation and over extraction have also diminished water supplies.

Water is vital to all forms of life. Poor quality water can result in disease and death. While nearly 70 per cent of Mongolia’s population have access to improved drinking sources, this figure drops to 58 per cent in rural areas (SISS/MICS, 2013).

Even more important is access to enough water. Water is needed for good hygiene practices, such as hand washing. Without adequate water people cannot use good hygiene practices and are vulnerable to hygiene related illnesses and deaths, such a diarrhea.
Urbanization in Ulaanbaatar has strained existing water resources, with up to three-quarters of a million people living in the city’s ‘ger’ districts lacking direct access to water and sanitation (Mongolia’s total population is three million). In these areas people use up to 10 liters of water a day, well below the World Health Organization’s recommended 50 to 100 liters.

© UNICEF/NYHQ2010-0448/Cullen

12 March 2015

Raising parents: Helping Mongolians become better parents

Ganbat with his big brown eyes 
©UNICEF/Mongolia/2015/Zetty Brake

Ganbat is a small two-year-old with big, expressive brown eyes and short black hair. His mother Enktsetseg, 42, says loves his older sister, five. “He follows her around and copies what she does,” she says. "He does not speak a lot, but he is very good at saying 'mother' and 'I love you'". 

17 February 2015

Breaking down barriers: Making education accessible for all

Ankhbayar writes on the board at the non-formal education center ©UNICEF/2015/Zetty Brake

On a cold, Mongolian winter’s day, Aduuch and Gantsetseg bring their two youngest children Ankhbayar, 8, and Sarangoo, 7, to school in Naliakh, 36 kilometers east of the country’s capital city Ulaanbaatar. Ankhbayar is dropped off at the Non-Formal and Life-Long Education Center of Nalaikh District (non-formal education center), while his younger sister attends the primary school in the same grounds.

12 February 2015

Сургуульдаа тавтай морил: Хөгжлийн бэрхшээлтэй хүүхдийн сурах бололцоог хангах нь

Давхар гэрийнхээ гадаа цаасан онгоцоор тоглож байгаа нь 
©UNICEF Mongolia/2014/Andy Brown
Давхар хүү гэрийнхээ гадаа хөмсгөө атируулан ихэд анхааралтай сууж байлаа. Тэр хурдан шалмаг хөдөлгөөнөөр цаас нугалан цаасан онгоц хийж байна. Тэрээр хийж дуусмагц цаасан онгоцоо хөөргөн нисгэлээ. Онгоц хэдхэн хором нисээд эргэн газардлаа. Хэд хэдэн удаа оролдсоны дараа тэр газарт явган суугаад онгоцоо дахин засаж эхэллээ. Харин дахин хийсэн оролдлогоор түүний онгоц бүр хол нисэж чадлаа.

09 February 2015

Шуурга хөлөглөгч: Монгол Улсад морь унаач хүүхдийг хамгаалах нь

Морин уралдааны улмаас хөгжлийн бэрхшээлтэй болсон, 15 настай Будгарав хүү 
© НҮБХСМонгол/2014/Зетти Брейк 
Нийслэл Улаанбаатарын хурдан морины төвлөрөл болох Өлзийт хорооны нэгэн гэрт 15 настай морь унаач хүү Будгарав таягаа тулан босож, бейсболын малгайгаа засан өмслөө. Одоогоос дөрвөн жилийн өмнө сунгаа хийх үеэр тэрээр мориноосоо унаж, моринд гишгүүлсний улмаас үүдэн шүднүүд нь унаж, хоёр хөл нь хугарчээ. “Тэр үед аймшигтай их өвдөж билээ” гэж хүү ярив.